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fthon中的python列表理解 (fors in python list comprehension)

问题

考虑我在python列表理解中嵌套了for循环

>>> data = [[0, 1, 2], [3, 4, 5], [6, 7, 8]]
>>> [y for x in data for y in x]
[0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]
>>> [y for y in x for x in data]
[6, 6, 6, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8]

当我改变两个顺序时,我无法解释为什么 fors

for y in x

什么是x第二列表理解?

解决方法

它保留了前一个comprehsension的价值。尝试反转它们,你会收到错误

>>> data = [[0, 1, 2], [3, 4, 5], [6, 7, 8]]
>>> [y for y in x for x in data]
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
NameError: name 'x' is not defined

要进一步测试,打印x并查看

>>> [y for x in data for y in x]
[0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]
>>> x
[6, 7, 8]
>>> [y for y in x for x in data]
[6, 6, 6, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8]

问题

Consider I have nested for loop in python list comprehension

>>> data = [[0, 1, 2], [3, 4, 5], [6, 7, 8]]
>>> [y for x in data for y in x]
[0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]
>>> [y for y in x for x in data]
[6, 6, 6, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8]

I can't explain why is that when i change the order of two fors

for y in x

What's x in second list comprehension?

解决方法

It's holding the value of the previous comprehsension. Try inverting them, you'll get an error

>>> data = [[0, 1, 2], [3, 4, 5], [6, 7, 8]]
>>> [y for y in x for x in data]
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
NameError: name 'x' is not defined

To further test it out, print x and see

>>> [y for x in data for y in x]
[0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]
>>> x
[6, 7, 8]
>>> [y for y in x for x in data]
[6, 6, 6, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8]
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